The Online Geographical Information System for the Theban Necropolis (OLGIS-TN) is a fully-entailed historical and archaeological database integrated with maps and interactive mapping features of the non-royal Egyptian tombs in the necropolis of Western Thebes. The purpose of the OLGIS-TN is to provide tools for archaeological site management, historical preservation, research, education and an understanding of the ancient cemeteries of Thebes.
The OLGIS-TN database and maps run--both in the field and the office--on any computing device that receives Internet data, including: desktop and laptop computers, tablets, iPads, notebooks, and smartphones. To navigate through the Theban necropolis in real-time fashion also requires GPS capability in the same device. However, users of smartphones might find that their small screens are not as convenient for mapping and searching as devices with larger screens. Users working in the field might find the screens of iPads, tablets, notebooks, and 2-in-1 laptops to provide more convenience.
The OLGIS-TN is built on a platform of Esri's ArcGIS Pro mapping software. This Map Viewer and interface operate as a pre-formatted template of ArcGIS Online, which works best on 64-bit devices and web browsers. Regardless, it is designed to work on multiple platforms (mobile and tablet devices), although some windows and pop-ups might appear slightly altered. If a window does not permit scrolling, then zoom out manually to see all the content in the same frame. Pop-ups must be enabled to allow the application to function properly in the web browser.
While the OLGIS-TN database operates under Esri's ArcGIS Pro mapping and analytics software, the web viewer for these pages is Esri's own ArcGIS Online created through templates in Web AppBuilder for ArcGIS. The great strength of this ArcGIS online viewer is that anyone can search the necropolis and produce maps without any knowledge of ArcGIS and its regular command structure.
On the other hand, anyone aware of the capabilities and potential of ArcGIS' more powerful desktop version would recognize certain limitations in this online application (e.g., an inability to perform certain area selections). Despite these constraints, this database is still a powerful tool for: 1) studying the Theban necropolis using maps of very high resolution; 2) finding and identifying tombs and their associated data; 3) managing the site and its antiquities; 4) understanding the essential relationship of tombs to topography and cemeteries to landscape; 5) revealing any number of patterns (social, geographical, archaeological etc.) in the distribution of the tombs and features throughout the necropolis.
Any scholars running ArcGIS on their own computers and who wish to perform more sophisticated manipulations of the data can download data and open layers and maps in their own software. The only constraint here is that OLGIS-TN does not facilitate, nor permit, dumping or cloning the entire database with its lists of the tombs' UTM coordinates on to other servers and computers.
|Zoom to||zoom to designated layer on map|
|Transparency||set level of layer's transparency on base map|
|Set visibility range||set when layer becomes visible & invisible while zooming in and out|
|Disable/Enable pop-up||in "All Theban Tombs"-layer, disable & enable ability to open pop-up window for each tomb clicked|
|Hide labels||in "All Theban Tombs"-layer, turn on & off labels of tomb nos. (to unclutter screen)|
|Move up||move layer up in list order, put it on top of other layers|
|Move down||move layer down in list order, put it below other layers|
|View in Attribute Table||in "All Theban Tombs"-layer, open Attribute Table & view records of all tombs in there|
|Show Item Details||open new tab to:
|Record ID.||unique no. generated sequentially by GIS at creation of entry|
|Tomb No.||Theban tomb series no. (tt); Kampp no. (k); Metropolitan Museum of Art no. (mma); provisional no. (p); Porter and Moss unclassified no., etc.|
|Alternate Tomb No.||other nos. associated with tomb (additional, earlier, or later)|
|Location||specific area within Theban necropolis: Asasif, el-Khokha, Deir el-Bahari, Qurnah South, Qurnah reverse slope, Qurnet Murai, SAQ Lower Enclosure, SAQ Plain, SAQ Upper Enclosure|
|GPS Collection Date||date tomb/burial was collected and mapped by Satellite Survey of Theban Tombs project|
|GPS Collection Time||time of day tomb/burial was collected and mapped by survey project|
|Elevation (MSL)||altitude or height of tomb above mean sea level (approx.)|
|Occupant||name of deceased as occupier of tomb/burial (original or usurper)|
|Translit. Occupant||transliteration of occupant's name|
|Nickname||nickname of occupant|
|Translit. Nickname||transliteration of occupant's nickname|
|Occupant Status||primary owner/builder, usurper, or unknown|
|Period||time period or era of tomb's construction or usurpation|
|Dynasty||dynasty or range of dynasties of tomb's construction or usurpation|
|Reigning King||specific king or range of kings associated with tomb's construction, use, and usurpation|
|Date Begin||estimated beginning year-date of reigning king(s)|
|Date End||estimated ending year-date of reigning king(s)|
|Title 1||primary title of occupant|
|Title 2||secondary title of occupant|
|Title 3||other titles of occupant (listed in series)|
|Spouse||name of spouse: wife or husband (not to be assumed the owner is always a man/husband)|
|Translit. Spouse||transliteration of spouse's name|
|Father||name of occupant's father|
|Translit. Father||transliteration of father's name|
|Mother||name of occupant's mother|
|Translit. Mother||transliteration of mother's name|
|Usurper||name of usurper (occurs in primary record only; see below for details)|
|Translit. Usurper||transliteration of usurper's name (occurs in primary record only)|
|Photo Link||link to montage of photographs of the tomb and surroundings|
|Web Link||link to addresses on the World Wide Web (URL) to pages pertaining to tomb/burial|
|Notes||comments, notes on history and archaeology of tomb, architecture, owner; notes on tomb's situation and condition from mapping survey; references to scholars' assertions, and debates about tomb|
|Bibliography||PM and Kampp refs.; updated bibliography of sources published since PM; does not--as a rule--repeat bibliography in PM|
All the maps and tomb data in the OLGIS-TN are provided gratis to scholars and students for not-for-profit educational and research purposes and for archaeological site management and preservation. The owners and authors of this database are Peter A. Piccione and Norman S. Levine under the aegis of the University of Charleston, S.C., College of Charleston. It is permitted to download search results and related maps for printing and digital storage, or for publication in academic studies, as well as to load into spreadsheets and local versions of ArcGIS for purposes related to research, education, site management and historical preservation. However, this material may not be used for any profit-making enterprises or purposes other than those listed here without the written consent of the authors.
Note: the OLGIS-TN does not currently provide for--nor does it permit--dumping the entire database with listings of the tombs' coordinates. Neither does it authorize any mirror sites or unauthorized translations, compromising its rights of authorship and intellectual control.
Unless stated otherwise, scholars and students who employ or incorporate resources, printouts or downloads from the OLGIS-TN database in their research and publications are requested to acknowledge source and authorship: "Courtesy of OLGIS-TN. © 2019. All rights reserved." Photographs are copyright P. A. Piccione 2005-2006. All rights reserved.
Use of any Esri base maps also requires appropriate Esri copyright notice, "© 1995-2018 Esri. All rights reserved." Use of the OLGIS-TN constitutes acceptance of these conditions.